Guide to Blockchain Protocols: Comparison of Major Protocol Coins

  • Blockchain protocols are the foundation of the cryptocurrency and decentralized finance (DeFi) industries.
  • According to a recent report by Chainalysis, the global value of cryptocurrency transactions on blockchain protocols increased by 567% in 2021.

Blockchain technology has led to many protocols, each with its own way of working, rules, and purposes. These protocols are like the foundation of the crypto world, supporting different cryptocurrencies and applications. 

In this guide, we’ll compare the main protocol coins, explaining what makes them special and how they add to the blockchain world.

Overview of Major Protocol Coins 

Here are some of the most popular blockchain protocols:

  • Ethereum (ETH)

Ethereum is a flexible blockchain protocol that goes beyond transactions. It supports smart contracts and dApps. It’s moving from using energy-intensive PoW to PoS for agreement. 

Ethereum is a leading cryptocurrency, with its token ETH utilized to cover transaction costs (similar to gas expenses) within its network.

  • Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin is the first and most well-known blockchain protocol. It works openly, so anyone can participate. Also, the transactions are secure and can’t be changed. People called miners  help to process transactions and add them to the record. 

This process is safe but uses a lot of energy. They’re finding ways to make it work better for more people. 

Even though it needs energy, Bitcoin’s way of working keeps things trustworthy.

  • Binance Coin (BNB)

As a native asset of the Binance platform, Binance Coin initially functioned as a utility token for trading fee discounts. 

It has since evolved into a versatile cryptocurrency, supporting various use cases like decentralized finance (DeFi), NFT marketplaces, and blockchain launches on the Binance Smart Chain. 

BNB operates on the Binance Chain and Ethereum networks, highlighting its cross-chain capabilities.

  • Cardano (ADA)

Cardano stands out for its scientific approach to blockchain development. Driven by a PoS mechanism, it aims to enhance scalability, sustainability, and interoperability. 

Cardano’s emphasis on research and peer-reviewed development has created a robust and adaptable blockchain platform. 

ADA, Cardano’s native cryptocurrency, fuels transactions and governance within its ecosystem.

  • Solana (SOL)

Solana distinguishes itself through its high-speed, scalable blockchain architecture. 

It achieves remarkable throughput and low transaction costs by utilizing a unique consensus mechanism called Proof of History (PoH) alongside PoS. 

Solana targets decentralized applications requiring real-time interaction and aims to facilitate the mass adoption of blockchain technology.

  • Polkadot (DOT)

Polkadot addresses blockchain interoperability by enabling different blockchains to interconnect and share information seamlessly. 

With its unique parachain structure, Polkadot promotes scalability and customizability. 

DOT, its native token, fuels governance and bonding within the network.

  • Avalanche (AVAX)

Avalanche introduces a novel consensus mechanism known as Avalanche consensus, combining PoS and Byzantine fault tolerance elements. 

This architecture grants Avalanche exceptional throughput and sub-second finality. 

It aims to cater to DeFi, dApps, and enterprise solutions, positioning itself as a platform for building highly customizable blockchain networks.


Blockchain protocols come with different beliefs, ways they work, and ideas about where decentralized technology is headed.

This blog will guide you through picking the right blockchain protocol for your needs. If you want something secure and steady, go for Bitcoin. Need more versatility with smart contracts and dApps? Choose Ethereum. For scalability and efficiency, think about Cardano, Polkadot, or Solana. 

Ultimately, the best blockchain protocol for you will depend on your specific needs and requirements.

You can choose the right blockchain protocol for your project or application by carefully considering your options.

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